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Wednesday, February 06, 2008

Bhūtasaṃkhyā

There is probably no need to stress the importance of "word numerals" for those working with Tantric texts. Here is a very convenient list from B.V. Subharayappa and K.V. Sarma, Indian Astronomy, A Sourcebook, Nehru Centre, Bombay 1985. Appendix V.

Bhūtasaṃkhyā - Word numerals used in Indian Mathematical texts

[0]
ananta, antarikṣa, abhra, ambara, ākāśa, kha, gagana, jaladharapatha, nabha, pūrṇa, bindu, randhra, viyat, viṣṇupada, vyoma, śūnya; all synonyms of 'Sky'.

[1]
abja, ādi, indu, ilā, urvarā, kalādhara, ku, kṣapākara, kṣiti, kṣmā, go, candra, jagati, tanu, dharaṇi, dharā, nāyaka, pitāmaha, pṛthvī, prāleyāṃśu, bhū, mahī, mṛgāṅka, rajanīkara, rūpa, vasudhā, vasundharā, vidhu, śaśadhara, śaśāṅka, śaśī, śītakara, śītaraśmi, śītāṃśu, śveta, sudhāṃśu, soma, himakara, himagu, himāṃśu; all synonyms of 'Earth' and 'Moon'.

[2]
akṣi, ambaka, ayana, aśvin, īkṣaṇa, oṣṭha, kara, karṇa, kuca, kuṭumba, gulpha, cakṣu, jaṅghā, jānu, dasra, dṛṣṭi, dvandva, dvaya, naya, nayana, nāsatya, netra, pakṣa, bāhu, bhuja, yama, yamala, yugala, yugma, ravicandrau, raviputra, locana; all synonyms of 'Eye' and 'Hand'.

[3]
agni, anala, kāla, kṛśānu, guṇa, gṛha, jvalana, tapana, trikāla, trigata, triguṇa, trijagat, trinetra, dahana, pāvaka, pura, bhuvana, ratna, rāma, loka, vaiśvānara, vahni, sahodarāḥ, śikhin, haranetra, hutabhuk, hutabhuj, hutāśa, hutāśana, hotṛ; all synonyms of 'Fire' and 'Worlds'.

[4]
abdhi, ambudhi, ambhodha, ambhodhi, ambhonidhi, arṇava, āya, āśrama, udadhi, kaṣāya, kṛta, kendra, koṣṭha, gati, ghana, caraṇa, jala, jaladhi, jalanidhi, turya, diś, payodhi, payonidhi, praṇimnageśa, bandhu, yuga, lavaṇoda, varṇa, vāridhi, viṣanidhi, veda, śruti, samudra, salilākara, sāgara, sukha; all synonyms of 'Ocean'.

[5]
akṣa, artha, indriya, iṣu, karaṇīya, tattva, parva, pavana, pāṇḍava, prāṇa, bāṇa, bhāva, bhūta, mahābhūta, rāga, ratna, viṣaya, vrata, śara, śastra, sāyaka; all synonyms of 'Arrow'.

[6]
aṅga, ari, ṛtu, kāya, kāraka, kumāravadana, khara, tarka, darśana, dravya, māsārdha, rasa, rāga, lekhya, ṣaṇmukha, śāstra.

[7]
aga, acala, atri, adri, aśva, ṛṣi, kalatra, giri, graha, chandaḥ, tattva, turaga, dvipa, dhātu, dhī, naga, pannaga, parvata, bhaya, bhūbhṛt, mātṛka, muni, yati, vāji, vāra, vyasana, śaila, svara, haya; all synonyms of 'Horse' and 'Mountain'.

[8]
anīka, anuṣṭubha, ahi, ibha, karman, kuñjara, gaja, takṣa, tanu, danti, dik, diggaja, durita, dvīpa, dvirada, dhī, nāga, puṣkarin, bhūti, maṅgala, mada, mātaṅga, mati, vasu, sarpa, siddhi, sindhura, hastin; all synonyms of 'Elephant' and 'Serpent'.

[9]
aṅka, anilāhva, upendra, keśava, gīr, go, graha, chidra, tārkṣyadhvaj, durgā, dvāra, nanda, nidhi, padārtha, randhra, labdha, labdhi.

[10]
avatāra, aṅgulī, āśā, kakubh, karman, dik, diś, diśā, paṅkti, rāvaṇaśira.

[11]
akṣauhiṇī, īśa, īśvara, bharga, bhava, mahādeva, mṛḍa, rudra, śaṅkara, śiva, śūlin, svargeśa, hara; all synonyms of god 'Śiva'.

[12]
arka, āditya, ina, tīkṣṇāṃśu, dinanātha, dinapa, divākara, dyumaṇi, bhānu, bhāskara, maṇḍala, mārtaṇḍa, māsa, ravi, rāśi, vyaya, sūrya; all synonyms of 'Sun'.

[13]
aghoṣa, atijagatī, karaṇa, kāma, viśva, viśvedevāḥ.

[14]
indra, manu, loka, vidyā, śakra, śarva; all synonyms of 'Indra'.

[15]
ahan, ghasra, tithi, dina, pakṣa.

[16]
aṣṭi, kalā, nṛpa, bhūpa, bhūpati.

[17]
atyaṣṭi.

[18]
dhṛti, purāṇa, vidyā.

[19]
atidhṛti.

[20]
kṛti, nakha.

[21]
utkṛti, prakṛti, mūrchanā, svarga.

[22]
kṛti, jāti.

[23]
vikṛti.

[24]
arhat, gāyatrī, jina, siddha.

[25]
tattva.

[26]
utkṛti.

[27]
uḍu, nakṣatra, bha; all synonyms of 'Star' and 'Asterism'.

[32]
danta, rada; all synonyms of 'Teeth'.

[33]
amara, tridaśa, deva, sura, surādhipa; all synonyms of 'Gods'.

[40]
naraka.

[48]
jagati.

[49]
tāna.


PS: with many thanks to Prof. Sanderson.

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